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    • List of Articles Morteza Heidari

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Comparative Morphology of MahPishani, Yeh-Shen and Cinderella Tales
         
        Comparative studies in folk literature and children’s literature can pave the way for the growth of human lofty thoughts through explaining the ideological and cultural similarities among the people of the world. In this research, using Propp’s morphology theory, the au More
        Comparative studies in folk literature and children’s literature can pave the way for the growth of human lofty thoughts through explaining the ideological and cultural similarities among the people of the world. In this research, using Propp’s morphology theory, the author explains and analyzes the structure of an Iranian tale “MahPishani”, a Chinese one “Yeh-Shen”, and “Cinderella” as a Western tale. Since the tales studied in this research are from the fairy tale category, it is quite consistent with the Prop’s morphology model which is the result of Russian fairy tales analysis. After matching the structural similarities of the three tales, the author proposes a proto structure (mother structure) which is derived from the common functions of the three tales upon which their plots are based. In order to find out which tale is the most ancient one, a meta- structural analysis was inevitable. The analysis reveals that the very well-known archetype in MahPishani goes back to Paleolithic Age (Hunting Age). Eventually, the author deduced that the structural changes in these three tales follow a descending pattern, i.e. “Mahpishani” is the oldest narration, and over time, the diversity of characters and the number of functions have been decreased to the extent that the morphological diagram of Cindrella tale is the same as the mother diagram derived from the comparison of these three tales. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Morphology of the story of Solomon (pbuh) in Tarjomeh-ye Tafsir –e –Tabari
        مرتضی  حیدری
        In this research the story of Solomon (pbuh), one of the well-known religious stories in the world that has also been narrated in Tarjomeh-ye Tafsir-e-Tabari (Persian translation of Tabari’s commentary of Quran) is analyzed and evaluated based on Propp’s morphology of t More
        In this research the story of Solomon (pbuh), one of the well-known religious stories in the world that has also been narrated in Tarjomeh-ye Tafsir-e-Tabari (Persian translation of Tabari’s commentary of Quran) is analyzed and evaluated based on Propp’s morphology of the Folktale. The number of characters and their functions in this story are in accordance with the framework and notes of Propp’s model, and all of the three movements of the story have displayed the patterns suggested as the first of the sextet movement patterns of this model. Since Propp’s theory has been organized by studying the structures of the Russian fairy tales and pays less attention to cumulative embellishments in the tales, it is proved to be useful in studying Quranic stories. The events happened in Solomon (pbuh) story, are too similar to fairy tale events and based on that the author came to the conclusion that there is historical intertextual relationship between them. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Analysis of conceptual elements of art in the poems of poets of the sixth century AH
        Morteza Heidari
        In this research the author has elicited the marked semantic features / components of art concept in the poetry of 6th century with using the principles of conceptual semantics. With a critical and editorial look at the structures identified for conceptual semantics, h More
        In this research the author has elicited the marked semantic features / components of art concept in the poetry of 6th century with using the principles of conceptual semantics. With a critical and editorial look at the structures identified for conceptual semantics, he has reviewed these structures and their application in the field of linguistic and literary research. After classification of semantic features in relevant fields with every feature, fifteen various semantic fields acquired for art concept in the poems of 6th century poets. These semantic fields in order of extenting their domains are: literary language, practical wisdom, eulogy, aesthetics, craft, morality and habitude, social criticism, war, anthropology, zoology, religion, cosmology, ecology, mysticism and love. In literary language field, the diverse ontological phenomenon have been the materials for the poetical imagery with figurative devices, i.e. simile and implicit metaphor. In the semantic realm of praise, the art of the praiseworthy feature, incapable, has been reported against him. The components obtained in the field of aesthetics show that the poetry of the sixth century was the basis of the discourse of aesthetics. The semantic field of industry has been obtained from various techniques and professions. Individual and social characteristics are grouped in the semantic domain of morality and temperament. Non gratification of poets in 6th century from their art has conceptualized the semantic field of social criticism. Also warfare and the quality of martial instrumen are also marked for the concept of art. Art has also been enumerated in the field of anthropology of human habits and, nevertheless, has been considered as a feature of various animals. Theism, religion and requisite for earmarking the religion also conceptualized for art. Finally, art has been reported as a feature of the universe and cosmic objects and has been conceptualized with singular semantic features of ecology, mysticism and love. The research findings show that art has a very comprehensive concept in the framework of the mentioned studies and is contrary to the conventional notions of today. The research findings prove that art in the studied framework has a most comprehensive and despite to usual assumptions concept. Manuscript profile