• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Comparison and Analysis of Post-Colonial Manifestations in Tayeb Salih “Season of Migration to the North” and Simin Daneshvar “Savushun” Novels
        رضا ناظميان maryam shokuhinia
        The effect of colonialism on the Third World is always under consideration in works of worldwide authors and poets. Post-Colonial Literature attempts to fight against colonialism by offering a true picture and clarifying the truth behind the matter. One of the most cert More
        The effect of colonialism on the Third World is always under consideration in works of worldwide authors and poets. Post-Colonial Literature attempts to fight against colonialism by offering a true picture and clarifying the truth behind the matter. One of the most certain purposes of Post-Colonialism theory is to understand the method of Colonialism approach in forming identities of colonialist and colonized to fight against this ideology. Iran and Sudan are among the countries that were under predominance of colonialism in some past periods. “Simin Daneshvar” and “Tayeb Salih” are among the contemporary Iranian and Sudanese authors who use Post-Colonialism novel framework to unmask and uncover historical truths about fighting against colonialists. Current study reviews and examines mentioned novels in their own time with Post-Colonialism point of view; it also examines consequences of Colonialism in Iran and Arab World using Analytic-Descriptive method. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Reading Social Codes in Story Series of “The Acrid Taste of Persimmon” by Zoya Pirzad (From Social Semiotics Approach)
        سهیلا  فرهنگی زهرا  صدیقی چهارده
        Semiotics is an interdisciplinary approach that can be a guidance in reading literary texts like poetry and story. Applying social semiotics, this article tries to analyze and examine social codes of story series of “The Acrid Taste of Persimmon”. This study shows that More
        Semiotics is an interdisciplinary approach that can be a guidance in reading literary texts like poetry and story. Applying social semiotics, this article tries to analyze and examine social codes of story series of “The Acrid Taste of Persimmon”. This study shows that identity and etiquette codes- which are regarded among the most important social codes- have significant status in Zoya Pirzad stories. It also shows that we can know social identity and status of characters of story and get a better understanding of social realities by recognizing lower layers of texts. Interpreting applied social codes in this story series shows Pirzad special attention to the role of women and their evolutions in social life scenes. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Analyzing Some Realist Novels in Holy Defense Literature (Focusing on 3 Novels: Burnt Land, Twigs of Sour Cherry Tree and Journey to Heading 270 Degrees)
            hossain hasanpouralashty زهرا  مقدسی
        Holy Defense Novel is one of the brilliant varieties in Persian Story Literature. Some of the committed Holy Defense authors, by following the Realist approach, have focused on presenting concrete pictures of Iran-Iraq War and producing simple and free of complexity. Re More
        Holy Defense Novel is one of the brilliant varieties in Persian Story Literature. Some of the committed Holy Defense authors, by following the Realist approach, have focused on presenting concrete pictures of Iran-Iraq War and producing simple and free of complexity. Reviews show that most Realist Holy Defense authors have applied components like real characters, narrative sequence, single point of view (First Person and Third Person), plot based on cause and effect relations, tangible and real time and place to increase truthfulness and realism mode of works and communicate their message to the intended audience. Methodological approach of the current study is Descriptive-Analytic and Unit of Analysis is composed of structures of Realist novels in Holy Defense Literature, case studies of 3 novels: 1- Burnt Land (Ahmad Mahmud), 2- Twigs of Sour Cherry Tree (Akbar Khalili) and 3- Journey to heading 270 Degrees (Ahmad Dehqan) and it also focuses on fictional elements of character, narration and point of view, plot, time and place. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Analyzing the Contrast of Women Approaches in Story Literature; Focusing on Holy Defense Stories
        حمید رضایی jahangir safari ابراهيم  ظاهري روح‌الله  كريمي
        Women, as composing half of society population, have significant roles in contemporary period’s social and cultural changes and their effective presence in society is manifested in many stories. Using Descriptive-phenomenological approach, this article attempts to analy More
        Women, as composing half of society population, have significant roles in contemporary period’s social and cultural changes and their effective presence in society is manifested in many stories. Using Descriptive-phenomenological approach, this article attempts to analyze four groups of women, i.e. traditional women, Iranian culture-advocate women, westernized women, and wandering women in five contemporary novels. Traditional women are usually those homemakers or housekeepers paying attention just to domestic matters. Iranian culture-advocate women are those involved in social and political activities outside home and consider supporting and defensing Iranian culture ideals and doctrines as their own duties. Another group, i.e. westernized women, make claims about internal matters of country, support western culture, seek basic and fundamental reformations and protest against the current situation. Wandering women are not interested in western culture and do not follow and support Iranian domestic culture, but they are wandering in-between these two cultures. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Dissociating Identity in “Your Redness from Me” Novel
        Narges Oskouie
        Writing a novel and making a film based on scientific studies from worldwide has a long history; but this matter is often forgotten in story literature. Dissociative Identity Disorder (or DID) is a rare identity and personality disease. This sickness was foundation of w More
        Writing a novel and making a film based on scientific studies from worldwide has a long history; but this matter is often forgotten in story literature. Dissociative Identity Disorder (or DID) is a rare identity and personality disease. This sickness was foundation of writing novels and making films. “Your redness from me” Novel is one of the rare Persian novels that is written based on features and reasons of this disease. Current article, using a psychological interdisciplinary studies method, briefly introduces this sickness and assesses its method of disease description, available symbols in story text, characterization type and match or mismatch of sick character of story with patients stricken with this disorder. Another part of the article seeks to search for simultaneous techniques of storytelling and psychoanalysis which are used in different layers of story (association, effusion of repressed memories, and …). Obtained result shows that although author had a few scientific errors, she was so successful in storytelling and using techniques like suspense, association, narrator selection, and special language appropriate for this story and describing mentioned patient. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Analyzing Polyphony Novel “Chess with Pandemonium Machine”
        Behjatosadat Hejazi
        “Chess with pandemonium machine” Novel is a realist philosophical novel that, along with pointing to Iran-Iraq War realities, point to philosophical and wise dialogues to provoke the audience curiosity for finding and understanding answers of questions mentally involved More
        “Chess with pandemonium machine” Novel is a realist philosophical novel that, along with pointing to Iran-Iraq War realities, point to philosophical and wise dialogues to provoke the audience curiosity for finding and understanding answers of questions mentally involved with. Different functions of novel language makes the interpretability of text possible- especially when it deals with implied and implicit implications. In other hand, verbal discussions about chess and comparing it with human life scenes, internal monologues of narrator, time turns, asking and answering philosophical and verbal questions about the start of creation, determinism, and free will and environmental phenomena has produced a “Polyphony” novel. What special features do this novel have? And how are they compatible with text of “Habib Ahmad-zade” novel? Author explains different callings of intellect, time, dream and game based on “Milan Kundera” ideas in “Chess with pandemonium machine” novel with an analytical-descriptive method and also deals with the significance of nature of language of novel, functions of language of novel and semiotic implications which make Polyphony context. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - One step toward nativism: A critical study of the stories of Esmail Fasih A move from naturalism toward realism
        رضا  صادقی شهپر sima poormoradi
        In literature, Naturalism believes that human deeds, tendencies and thoughts are derived from inner impulses and instinctive and natural drives and desires. Based on this belief, naturalists encompass all the phenomena and events within the circle of known facts which a More
        In literature, Naturalism believes that human deeds, tendencies and thoughts are derived from inner impulses and instinctive and natural drives and desires. Based on this belief, naturalists encompass all the phenomena and events within the circle of known facts which are justifiable based on scientific principles. They emphasize such cases as heredity, environment and fate as determining factors in man’s life, and believe in an objective representation of human life and its unpleasant aspects based on direct observation and without any idealizing. They propose that as scientists of natural sciences investigate on the natural events and their relevant causes, one may do just such studies on the behavior and moods of human beings in literature. EsmailFasih is one such writer in Iranian literature in whose works traces of Naturalism can be detected. In the present dissertation, we have conducted a critical study of his major novels (KhakAshena, Sharab e Kham, Del e Koor, and AsirZaman) based on Naturalism’s percepts . Results achieved from our study have invariably proved the dominant reflection of such percepts in his works, thus proving our proposed thesis. Also of importance is the fact that heredity determinism, environment and fate are the most frequent Naturalistic parameters in Fasih’s Novels. The present study is conducted in a descriptive-analytic metod and is specially important as it is the first time that identifying naturalist parameters in the stories of Fasih hass been the subject of critical study, and he is considered as a naturalist writer. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        8 - The Review and Analysis of “Hiss” Novel Focusing on Post-modern Existential Components
          غلامحسین  ملّازاده
        Increasing evolutions, constant change in attitudes and emergence of various literary theories in this constant renewing world has affected story literature too and caused story writers – sometimes unaware and sometimes with awareness coming from a new self-consciousnes More
        Increasing evolutions, constant change in attitudes and emergence of various literary theories in this constant renewing world has affected story literature too and caused story writers – sometimes unaware and sometimes with awareness coming from a new self-consciousness - to make their stories compatible with the condition of new world, by missing out fixed principle. Since applying the narrative method of “Death of Author” in Hiss Novel by Muhammad Reza Kateb is unforgettable in comparison with other main features of Post-modern work, this made the work to have necessary and appropriate capacities for this type of special postmodern reading. Authors of this article, using library and descriptive-analytic method, attempt to show that Hiss author, along with other postmodern techniques, uses this technique particularly with brilliant varieties and differences, and by so doing he could have introduced a masterpiece into the literary community. Kateb uses Death of Author intentionally in various forms and in different parts of this novel; he also produced suitable spaces for readers to enter into the story text along with freedom of action for story characters so that republicity of voices are clearer in his work. Manuscript Document