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      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Comparison of Epic Features of Two Epopees: Burzo -name (Old Section) and Homay-name
        حمید  جعفری قریه علی دکتر سید علی  قاسم‌زاده علی  نجمایی
        The literary genre of epic has a pivotal role in the history of creating literary Persian works. Burzo-name and Homay-name are two available works from Persian epic composing current that are considerably important due to their being within the above current and their r More
        The literary genre of epic has a pivotal role in the history of creating literary Persian works. Burzo-name and Homay-name are two available works from Persian epic composing current that are considerably important due to their being within the above current and their representation of dominant epic spirit on Iranian society and recognition of national Iranian identity in historical periods of 6th to 8th centuries Hegira. The study method is descriptive-analytic and attempts to investigate the values of these two works from the perspective of epic-composing, and compares and analyzes the available epic components within them and shows their adaptation with epic features. Based on the results of this study, one can consider the creation of abovementioned works as affected by the competitive atmosphere of Persian Classic Literature and innovation of Burzo-name composer in “Unexpected” and “Incompatible” shows the end of story and also innovation of Homay-name composer in “subject” shows being in such a competitive environment. Particularly, Homay-name whose epic feature is correspondent with intellectual and literary changes of Araqi Style is involved with eloquent and non-eloquent speech due to compilation with lyric and romantic themes. Therefore, in comparative valuation, the Burzo-name epopee could have shown its epic features in longitudinal and latitudinal axes of the work in comparison with Homay-name due to reasons like following tradition of national epic-composing whose heroes are selected from Rostam family, honor in race and family and national originality, and local problems and sometimes national approach toward heroic actions of the story and contrasting with foreign forces and it could have closed them toward the epic power and dominance of Firdausi. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The Analysis of Alexander Journey in Darab-name of Tarsusi based on Archetype of “The Journey of Hero” by Joseph Campbell
        رحمان  ذبيحي parvin paykani
        The analysis of old narratives is one of the significant approaches in archetypical criticism through the “The Journey of Hero” by Joseph Campbell. One of the significant narratives of Alexander journey is the narrative of Darab-name by Tarsusi. The events of this journ More
        The analysis of old narratives is one of the significant approaches in archetypical criticism through the “The Journey of Hero” by Joseph Campbell. One of the significant narratives of Alexander journey is the narrative of Darab-name by Tarsusi. The events of this journey can be analyzed using the elements of archetype of the “The Journey of Hero” by Joseph Campbell like departure, invitation, mystic help, respect, the path of test, tempter woman, final blessing, return, the hand of salvation, and so on. The most important stage of The Journey of Hero in Departure section is the invitation to journey by Aristotelis in the role of archetype of Wise Old man. Dominating on “Dara” as the guard of First Threshold, facing with Buran-Doxt in the role of tempter woman and then marrying with her and converting her to Positive Anima in Section of The Path of Test, searching alkahest as the final blessing, visiting angels, and reaching a prophet-like stage, seeing strange and extravagant matters and dominion on world are all the important steps of the Journey of Hero in the narrative of Tarsusi. The study shows the evolution of a historical event in epic and mythological frameworks. One can arrive at a new reading of this narrative within these frameworks. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Criticism and Analysis of Mahan the Egyptian in Haft Peykar (“seven portraits”) of Nezami
        احمد  امیری خراسانی  
        Haft Peykar (“Seven portraits”) by Hakim Nezami Ganjavi, which is his fourth epopee from temporal perspective and one of its two masterpieces (along with Khosraw and Shirin) from quality perspective is the adventure of Bahram-e Gur. His story is narrated along with seve More
        Haft Peykar (“Seven portraits”) by Hakim Nezami Ganjavi, which is his fourth epopee from temporal perspective and one of its two masterpieces (along with Khosraw and Shirin) from quality perspective is the adventure of Bahram-e Gur. His story is narrated along with seven girls from seven different lands. Bahram-e Gur lives every day of a week with one girl in a dome having special color and listens to strange stories from them. At Wednesday in turquoise colored dome, the girl of fifth land tells the story of a man who got to be captive of demons; the representation of Souroush (Gabriel) is so obvious in this story. Souroush is one of the Zoroastrian lords that is emerged in different kinds and forms in public belief and literary works. Souroush is often the angel and messenger of mystic world. One of the most important roles of Souroush is fighting with demons and evils. It is in this fighting that the bird concomitant with Souroush invites people to awakening and worshipping God with its groan. After noting features and characteristics of Souroush Lord and its concomitant bird, the study attempts to follow one of its most important actions within the story. It is seen that disappearing of demons is due to the presence of Souroush Lord. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - The Discoursive Function of Sentence Form in Tarikh-e Beyhaqi
        لیلا  سید قاسم حمیده  نوح‌پیشه
        “Form” of a sentence is one of its syntactical features that is frequently used in eloquence and discourse analysis of literary and non-literary text. This significance is caused by this fact that “form” is the chart and scheme of communicational aspect (interactional/ More
        “Form” of a sentence is one of its syntactical features that is frequently used in eloquence and discourse analysis of literary and non-literary text. This significance is caused by this fact that “form” is the chart and scheme of communicational aspect (interactional/ interpersonal) in literature and clarifies the rate of certainty of author’s view and his/her relation with audience. Due to this, the form of sentence is one of most important subjects which will be discussed under the sections of predicate and composition. From 80th century in west that ideological and discourse analysis of literary (and non-literary) texts are paid due attention, modern critics emphasized that literature is non-personal and objective. They focused on the interactional function of language and considered form, the most important element in interactional function of language, worth investigating. We reviewed the condition of form of sentence in Tarikh-e Beyhaqi in limited and special manner (focusing on Zin and Saljuq/ Selçuk). Tarikh-e Beyhaqi is an artistic history that its author has a deliberate intention in keeping the mutual relation with his audience. In other hand, he had used the element of “Conversation” more than contemporary novelists. Due to this, the different forms of sentences have high frequency in his works. One can propose ideological and discourse analysis analyzing their qualities. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - The Impressibility of Sa’di from Firdausi based on the Theory of Transtextualite
        زينب  نوروزي وحید  علی بیگی سرهالی
        The works of Sa’di are among the best masterpieces of classic Persian texts who is the full-fledged representative of Persian Culture and Literature. He had been under effect of old texts and there is an obvious relation between Sa’di prosaic works and older works befor More
        The works of Sa’di are among the best masterpieces of classic Persian texts who is the full-fledged representative of Persian Culture and Literature. He had been under effect of old texts and there is an obvious relation between Sa’di prosaic works and older works before him. One of these works is Shahname by Firdausi. The aim of this study is to show and prove this textual relation between Sa’di works and Shahnameh of Firdausi which is based on the Theory of Transtextualite by Gérard Genette which is a perfect theory regarding the intertextual relations; we reviewed all links between Sa’di and Firdausi works in all aspects and came to this conclusion that Sa’di works are a complete sample of Transtextualite which is proved by providing evidences, analytic-descriptive method and their explanations and interpretations; so the full presence of Transtextualite in Sa’di works is proved in this regard. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - The Stylistic Study of Modality in Golestan of Sa’di In the Framework of Systemic Functional Grammar
        Ahmad Tamimdari نیره  صدری
        The most part of Golestan-e Sa’di involves literary pedagogical genre in moral kind. The inclusion of “moral musts” in pedagogical works and their relation with the concept of compulsion can make a clear and commanding tone in speech and then will cause hatred in audien More
        The most part of Golestan-e Sa’di involves literary pedagogical genre in moral kind. The inclusion of “moral musts” in pedagogical works and their relation with the concept of compulsion can make a clear and commanding tone in speech and then will cause hatred in audience and his speech will have no effect then. Within the grammatical category of Modality in the framework of systemic functional grammar and as a stylistic study, the article attempts to answer this question that what techniques did Sa’di use in Golestan in composing pedagogical themes so that no only his speech and work is not tiring, but also he attracted a lot of audiences along history. After stating the problem, reviewing the literature regarding modality in Iran and brief introducing of functional stylistics, the article describes the modality category from Halliday perspective. After that, some examples of stylistic analysis are provided in some selected texts like Golestan, based on the modality variable, along with the chart of data statistics and after that the analysis of data is provided and finally the results and findings are stated. The statistical results of the study show that different facilities of modality is used in the explanation of pedagogical themes in Golestan that simultaneously keeps the origin of pedagogical themes and makes the speech indirect and decreases its directness and increases the subtilty of speech tone and finally its impression. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - An Approach in Criticism and Analysis of Islamic Revolution Novels Focusing on Criticizing Novels by Reza Amir Khani
        fateme shekardast fateme kouppa mostafa gorji محمدرضا  سنگری
        The study is a meta-analysis and a special current to arrive at the quality of presence in Persian Fictional Literature i.e. “Islamic Revolution Literature”. This meta-analysis has a functionalist direction that in triangle of bibliography, movement-graphy, and patholog More
        The study is a meta-analysis and a special current to arrive at the quality of presence in Persian Fictional Literature i.e. “Islamic Revolution Literature”. This meta-analysis has a functionalist direction that in triangle of bibliography, movement-graphy, and pathology seeks to arrive at an analytic method in reviewing criticisms to access the universal perspective in domain of criticism which explains the rate of presence in a special literary current in the environment of Iran Fiction Literature. Moreover, the meta-analysis can be effective in correct identifying of criticism, monitoring its weaknesses and fortes and introducing the gaps and harms of criticism. The under review sample in this meta-analysis contain the novels of “Reza Amir Khani” as one of the most famous author of Islamic Revolution Literary Current and assesses the function of these novels through the quality and quantity perspective of critics. Introduction defines Islamic Revolution Literature, its criticism and functions and the indicatives of the criticism of the criticism. Then the author and novels are introduced and their critics (in form of research article, promotive article, special article, descriptive article and hobby article) are reviewed and analyzed; then these analyses are meta-analyzed from different perspectives and finally stated in form of tables and charts. Manuscript Document