• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Investigating the Role of Conceptual Metaphors in the Evolution of literary styles (Relying on Body Metaphors in Farrokhi Sistani, Anvari, and Hafiz's poems)
        Mohammad  Taheri Masoumeh  Archandani
        The conceptual metaphor is the mind’s technique for conceptualizing affairs. The mind tries to conceive and contemplate some intangible affairs for itself with the help of this fundamental construct. Hence, it is expected that by changing it, we will also see a change i Full Text
        The conceptual metaphor is the mind’s technique for conceptualizing affairs. The mind tries to conceive and contemplate some intangible affairs for itself with the help of this fundamental construct. Hence, it is expected that by changing it, we will also see a change in thought-related macro-systems. Among these macrosystems are literary styles that have many factors involved in changing them. This article tries to answer the question of how the change of conceptual metaphors in time has an effect on the change of literary styles through analytical-descriptive method. To answer it, we trace the conceptual metaphors related to the body, which include the words "hand, eye, heart and head", in a selection of poems by Farrokhi Sistani, Anvari and Hafez. By analyzing the obtained information, we conclude that conceptual metaphors have undergone significant changes over time that are in line with the evolution of literary styles and are variables affecting the evolution of styles. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Poetry analysis of "Simorgh" and "Phoenix" in the transition from Epic and mysticism in modern Persian poetry based on the poem "Phoenix" by Nima Youshij
        sara hosseini rahman zabihi alireza shohani
        Simorgh and Phoenix, as mythical creatures, have different visual effects and images in every literary genres. The claim that this study seeks to prove is that these birds have many existential characteristics that any literary genre, according to its context, pays atte Full Text
        Simorgh and Phoenix, as mythical creatures, have different visual effects and images in every literary genres. The claim that this study seeks to prove is that these birds have many existential characteristics that any literary genre, according to its context, pays attention to, and this point is quite obvious in the transition of classical poetry to the New-Persian one. Accordingly, in order to prove this claim, the similarities and existential differences between Simorgh and Phoenix in the prominent examples of epic, mystical and modern poetry are examined, and the differences between Nima's view from this perspective is studied and analyzed as well. The present study aims to answer two fundamental questions: What changes are occurred in the image clusters of Simorgh and Phoenix in the transition from epic and mysticism to modern Persian poetry? To what extent does the poetic image of Phoenix in Nima's poem "Phoenix" represent a new look that he sought to design and expand in modern Persian poetry from the pictorial poetics point of view? The results of this study represent that Nima uses Phoenix in a symbolic structure via utilizing the familiarity of the Iranian human mind with the images of Simorgh and Phoenix. Furthermore, this time he employs the phoenix in a symbolic structure, overcoming the objectivist aspect of his poetry and presents his socio-political thought, while the aspect of the poem always prevailed in the symbolic poems before him. In addition to presenting the complete and, of course, short narration of this poem, the findings shows Nima's new attempt to replace "the image instead of the specification", thanks to the coherence of the poetic images. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Peace-sodality Iranians in the story of Fereydoun (One of Ferdowsi's Intellectual Features of his Epic)
        mohammad reza Keyvanfar Parvaneh A’del Zadeh kamran pashaei fahkri
        This article seeks to examine how the Iranian heroes think about peace in Fereydoun story. In this story, several peaceful methods are discussed. The wide distribution of wealth among the needy by Faraanak, the division of the world into three parts and pluralism in the Full Text
        This article seeks to examine how the Iranian heroes think about peace in Fereydoun story. In this story, several peaceful methods are discussed. The wide distribution of wealth among the needy by Faraanak, the division of the world into three parts and pluralism in the method of governance, and the avoidance of individuality in the division of the world, which is the work of Fereydoun, Emphasis on dialogue in resolving conflicts among heroes and relying on finding a solution to peace and absolute rejection of violence, avoiding the use of military force to resolve disputes, not belonging to the world and avoiding stubbornness and struggle to stay in the power that is the characteristic of Iraj in front of his brothers, paying special attention to justice, and avoiding oppression and tyranny in Fereydoun's actions and speech. What Fereydoun has benefited from, as well as the actions of the words and thoughts of the Iranian heroes in Fereydoun's story, are in line with today's peaceful views. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - A Study of the Semantic Parallels of the Concept of Love throughout Persian Poetry using Qualitative Content Analysis
        masoume mohammadi Asghar Daadbeh Hormoz Rahimhan
        Love is one of the most prominent concepts in Persian poetry that contains broad conceptual capacities to indirectly influence the semantic structure of the constantly transformative grounds of thought and functions of poetry. This research aims to understand whether th Full Text
        Love is one of the most prominent concepts in Persian poetry that contains broad conceptual capacities to indirectly influence the semantic structure of the constantly transformative grounds of thought and functions of poetry. This research aims to understand whether through these transformations, the concept of love remains constant in the ever-changing semantic system or it undergoes dissociative fluctuations. Furthermore, this article tries to answer this question by approaching the poetry of different time-periods in their original form and focus on the interpretations that may arise from them. This matter gains further importance when we consider the decisive role that the concept of love plays in touching the reader’s emotions and its corresponding cultural influence throughout time. Hence, this research aims to arrive at the audience’s emotional involvement and the importance of cultural occasions by studying the concept of love in canonical works of poetry extending to different time-periods. Since the cultural occasions must correspond to their semantic parallels of the concept of love, we seek to extract these parallel meanings from the concealed concepts of Persian poetry. To arrive at these hidden components of poetry, this article views the Qualitative Content Analysis method in direct contact with thought centered content analysis. Therefore, two extensive stylistic schools of ancient and contemporary Persian poetry are studied to illustrate the semantic process that the concept of love undergoes and the scope contains some of the most important approaches of Qualitative Content Analysis such as: concealed and apparent meaning, semantic units, interpretive units, regional contents, theme and motif. This research concludes that through this process, the original semantic structure of this concept has been kept by remaining in close contact with its fundamental parallel meanings. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Analysis of conceptual elements of art in the poems of poets of the sixth century AH
        Morteza Heidari
        In this research the author has elicited the marked semantic features / components of art concept in the poetry of 6th century with using the principles of conceptual semantics. With a critical and editorial look at the structures identified for conceptual semantics, h Full Text
        In this research the author has elicited the marked semantic features / components of art concept in the poetry of 6th century with using the principles of conceptual semantics. With a critical and editorial look at the structures identified for conceptual semantics, he has reviewed these structures and their application in the field of linguistic and literary research. After classification of semantic features in relevant fields with every feature, fifteen various semantic fields acquired for art concept in the poems of 6th century poets. These semantic fields in order of extenting their domains are: literary language, practical wisdom, eulogy, aesthetics, craft, morality and habitude, social criticism, war, anthropology, zoology, religion, cosmology, ecology, mysticism and love. In literary language field, the diverse ontological phenomenon have been the materials for the poetical imagery with figurative devices, i.e. simile and implicit metaphor. In the semantic realm of praise, the art of the praiseworthy feature, incapable, has been reported against him. The components obtained in the field of aesthetics show that the poetry of the sixth century was the basis of the discourse of aesthetics. The semantic field of industry has been obtained from various techniques and professions. Individual and social characteristics are grouped in the semantic domain of morality and temperament. Non gratification of poets in 6th century from their art has conceptualized the semantic field of social criticism. Also warfare and the quality of martial instrumen are also marked for the concept of art. Art has also been enumerated in the field of anthropology of human habits and, nevertheless, has been considered as a feature of various animals. Theism, religion and requisite for earmarking the religion also conceptualized for art. Finally, art has been reported as a feature of the universe and cosmic objects and has been conceptualized with singular semantic features of ecology, mysticism and love. The research findings show that art has a very comprehensive concept in the framework of the mentioned studies and is contrary to the conventional notions of today. The research findings prove that art in the studied framework has a most comprehensive and despite to usual assumptions concept. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Analysis of index novels of the Pahlavi era with an approach to the signs of decline and social corruption
        kamran parsinejad Shahnaz  Sedaghatzadegan Parvaneh  Danesh
        Fiction" like other disciplines of social sciences is organically linked to society and of course "sociology".One of the most important issues in fiction is the description of society, the reflection of social conditions and harms. The present study, which is in the cat Full Text
        Fiction" like other disciplines of social sciences is organically linked to society and of course "sociology".One of the most important issues in fiction is the description of society, the reflection of social conditions and harms. The present study, which is in the category of "sociology in literature", has been conducted to analyze and explain the category of "social decline and corruption" in the Pahlavi era. The most significant social corruption in the Pahlavi period was the phenomenon of prostitution, which is still one of the biggest social issues in Iran.One of the prominent characters and brigades in the novels of that time were "prostitutes". The living conditions, sufferings, beliefs and causes of their prostitution in the context of the novels of the time were shown greatly bold at that time. In fact, the writers of that time had devoted all their efforts to describing the prevailing socio-political conditions and social corruption. At the same time, they have tried to establish an emotional connection between the audience and the prostitutes. In this study, the most significant novels that were created in the first and second Pahlavi period in connection with social decline and corruption have been analyzed from a literary and sociological point of view. The population studied in this research are the types of corrupt people in the society who are the main cause of prostitution and social corruption. In this regard, seven prominent and influential novels created in the Pahlavi period have been studied in order to access the social facts of the period in question, the situation of corrupt people to be carefully and meticulously analyzed literary and sociological. Manuscript Document