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آخرین شماره

No 39
Vol. 39 No.
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آخرین مقالات منتشر شده

Official literature is full of poetic claims in different themes (eulogy, love, mysticism, libel, facetiousness, epic, exposition, glory, complaint and etc.). Although it seems that poetry and literature are not in need of analogy and affidavit and other ways of logical reasoning to prove the exaggerated literary claims, in fact the poets and a literary person usually benefit from methods similar to logical reasoning (claim, evidence, reasoning) like simile, allusion, and allegory (proverb, story and fable), proverbial method, discursive practices, and oath in order to express what they have in mind and to objectify the abstract concepts. Meanwhile, paying attention to “Folklore” plays an important role in strengthening and explaining the poet’s mental and intellectual principles in literary expression, and it acts like supporting evidence and the background for proving the claim in literary causal methods. This article analyzes the important role of folk literature and culture in consolidation of semantic and rational foundations of official literature
کلمات کلیدی : Folk Literature and Culture ، fables ، examples ، proverbs ، reasoning
Human interaction with nature is an important part of human life which due to the devastating effects of recent attitudes, needs to be seriously reviewed and to be provided with new approaches which can promote this interaction into a more sustainable and meaningful one. One of these effective approaches is Rumi's mystical view that emphasizes the special position of man in the universe and its link to humanity. Studying the principles of human interaction with nature according to Rumi’s world view, this article presents a pattern based on which, humans should consider the nature as the manifestation of God’s various names and attributes, and as the Caliph and his trustee, they should be the guardian of the universe. Additionally, human actions will impose inevitable reactions on him, among which humans must try to remove the negative ones. As a result, according to Rumi, understanding the special position of human beings in the world and recognizing the characteristics of humans and the nature, the empathic connection between man and nature will be revealed
Seyyed Hamidreza Raoof - Mehdi Hassanzadeh
کلمات کلیدی : Mawlana ، Creation of man ، training of names ، trust ، God’s Caliph
From sociology of literature point of view, literary creation is not a personal matter, but rather a social one. Since the society plays a fundamental role in formation of individual characteristics, and the style is not separated from writers’ characteristics, we can say that in creation of any literary work, society has the most significant role. The writer’s social insight and his position against different events are remarkably affected by social status and social classes. Hence, we can analyze a writer’s literary style based on the social class he belongs to. Presenting an introduction on how writers’ world view is related to their social classes according to Goldman¬’s theory of social classes, this paper also has a glance at IrajMirza and Farokhi Yazdi's social status. Then, the major stylistic differences between them will be compared. The findings show that the aforementioned writers’ outlooks are different in some domains such as social/religious criticism, freedom, patriotism, anti-colonialism, anti-authoritarianism, defiance and tendency to luxury
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کلمات کلیدی : Mashrooteh literature ، sociology of poem ، social classes ، Farokhi Yazdi ، Iraj Mirza
Due to being away far from the capital of Iran as well as its economic deprivation and sociopolitical limitations, the literary status of Kohgilooye and Boyer Ahmad has not yet been analyzed in a proper way. This article, first introduces the social and political status of this province since Safavid era. Then, the literary history of this part of Iran will be studied. In doing so, biography of some of the late and recent famous poets have been studied in this location and during this time section. Among them, two poets from two different eras seem to be more famous and influential comparing to the others.The first poet is Mirza Showghy from Naseri era. Through expressing publicly accepted religious concepts including the event of Karbala, praising the holy prophet of Islam and the leading Imams as well as writing his poems in the dialect of Kohgilooye and Behbahan, he could perpetuate his influence on the people’s minds of that era, as well as the next generations. Amongst the contemporary poets, Hossein Panahi has been recognized as a national figure. He was a cinema, theatre, and TV actor and director. By publishing his poems, he could be recognized by different audiences inside and outside of Iran
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کلمات کلیدی : oral literature ، local literature ، poetry ، poets ، Kohgilooye ، Boyer Ahmad
Irony is a type of lyric which aims at modifying the disorganizations by picturing and criticizing the disadvantages and deficits of the society. In this regard, they can be considered as the most effective type of criticism. This method of expressing is not the result of prejudice or hatred, but it is a critical review on various disadvantages in the society which is mentioned in a special kind of language accompanied by laughter resulted from sorrow and sadness. Irony has an extended application nowadays while in the past it overlapped libel, facetiousness, and ridicule. “Abolghasem Payandeh” and “Jalal Al-e-Ahmad” are two contemporary writers, and critics who have satirical style. Through using satire in their stories they reveal the shortcomings and vices of the society aiming at awakening people and repairing the situation. Although they both had the same goal and they both used the same tools and ploys, due to the difference in the origin, social status, and approaches the employed, the product of their efforts are different. The aim of comparing these two writers is to show these similarities and differences. Although regarding time and language they are close to each other, Abolghasem Payandeh’s criticism is more socio-cultural, and Jalal Al-e-Ahmad’s is more socio-political. They both employed techniques like similes, irony, folk interpretation, strange word formation, etc, but satirical similes are more frequent in Abolghasem Payandeh’s works, while in Jalal Al-e-Ahmad’s works Irony and folk interpretation are more frequent.
- Zahra Hosseini Sajzy
کلمات کلیدی : fiction, irony ، satire ، libel ، Abolghasem Payandeh ، Jalal Al-e Ahmad ،

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