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آخرین شماره

No 40
Vol. 40 No.
2016
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آخرین مقالات منتشر شده

Arcitextuality is one of the quintuple issues of transtextuality by Gerard Genette which analyzes genre-related relations and Arcitexuality in a piece of work and the genre it belongs to. This category is appropriate for the analysis of literary works which have undergone changed from their initial type, due to social and ideational, and audiences’ expectations in a specific period of time. One kind of such works is "Iskandarnameh" which consists historical epopees, but has also features from other genres which change them to something more than just historical epopees. How such features can affect the epic nature of these works and how they are related to the title “Iskandarnameh” can be analyzed in these works. Therefore, the elements of these three genres are extracted, and the relationship between different lyrical and pedagogical genres, and epic architext was analyzed. The results reveal that the overlap of the genres in Iskandarnamehs after Ferdowsi and prominent features of pedagogical genre paved the way for a change in the title of these works to Kheradnameh (letter of thought/wisdom) although the epic aspect of these works has not been lost. So in this essay, arcitexuality of poetic Iskandarnameh( Ferdowsi, Nezami, Amirkhosrow) and the type and genre they belong to are analyzed in order to determine their textual relations and the transformations they have undergone.
کلمات کلیدی : rachitextuality ، Gerard Genette ، Iskandarnameh ، Ferdowsi ، Nezami ، Amirkhosrow Dehlavi
This study aims at analyzing the structure of narratives about the first battle of the three Iranian heroes Garshasb, Sam and Rostam to define the common structural pattern in them and compare it with the myth of Indra’s fight who was the Indo-Iranian god of war, with Vitra, the evil god of drought. With this purpose, and using a structural analysis of myth, narrative segments of these heroes’ first battles will be defined and their mythemes will be compared. Then, it will be revealed how the structural patterns in these narrative are in consistent with Indra’s first and famous battle. The aforementioned battles take place in parallel with an event that is the young hero/god becomes his father’s successor by removing his authority. Thus, the result of the research suggests that there is an intertwined relationship between the fight of Indo-Iranian hero with dragon, and the elimination of the venerable status of the hero’s father. It seems that these two events are somehow the transformed forms of one another and each is the alternative for the other one. Here, there is one linking element that keeps the two sides of the equation connected like a chain, and it is the weapon of having a father, i.e. the symbol of father`s power to defeat the dragon and consequently denying the father’s authority.
کلمات کلیدی : Garshasb ، Sam ، Rostam ، Indra ، Vitra ، structural analysisof myth
Ethical Allegory is a story in which the theme overcomes the image and the form of the story and the characters are just devices to communicate a predefined and ordinary message. Ethical stories in Marzbannameh are the exact instances of such allegories. In most stories in Marzbannameh, Allegories consist of three logical kevels based on reasoning, and it is possible to draw the pattern ABA for all the allegories in Marzbannameh, i.e. Allegory in Marzbannameh is a movement which starts from point A, and moves to point B, and then it refers back again to point A. The structure of allegory in Marzbannameh is a recursive and closed one. This pattern proved to be effective in satisfying the reader, communicating the message, emphasizing and fixing the meaning, searching the sense, eliminating the delusion, and excluding neglect. This specific uniform pattern of allegory has become powerful through convincing and satisfying the readers. The structure of allegory will be analyzed in this article.
کلمات کلیدی : Reasoning ، allegory ، Marzbannameh ، logic, ، story
Safvat al-safa is one of the mystical books in the 8th century written by Ebn e Bazzaz about the characteristics of Sheikh Safi Ardabili. This book, written in late Mongol era, has been always considered as a historical document because it illustrates the features of Mysticism and Sufism in that era especially in the west of Iran. Discovering the identity of the characters in the book while some of which have not been studied so far, gives us more information about Mysticism before the advent of Safavid. By studying the book Safvat- al-safa, we figure out the effective role of women in this era. Some of them were mystics or disciples of sheikh Safi and some of them were prominent characters in that era due to their influence on the government and society, besides their mystic trends. In this research, after the introduction, by presenting examples from stories in Safvat al-safa, 15 women are introduced in two fields of mysticism and politics , and their roles in these fields are studied.
کلمات کلیدی : Maystic women ، women ، Safvat al-safa ، Sheikh Safi Ardabili ، Ebn e Bazzaz Ardabili
Folk beliefs, is a very important part of the culture and life in different cultures and societies. By knowing about different nation’s beliefs we can become familiar with their habits, manners, feelings, art and thoughts. Some folk beliefs are reflected in literature, and folk literature has inspired lots of poets and writers. Moniro Ravanipour is one of the contemporary writers who has mentioned some of the folk beliefs and native and local cultural elements of people in south of Iran especially in an area called Jofreh ( her birth place). In this article these works have been analyzed to see how folkloric elements and folk culture were applied. Folk beliefs in these stories root in the environment they live in and their problems, pains and suffers. Presence of some imaginary creatures like Boosalmeh the ruller of the sea, red and blue mermaids is another feature of these stories. Folk beliefs, have key role in narration, characterization, and defining the setting in Ravanipour’s stories. She uses native and local symbols of her birth place to talk about the her issues and concerns, and to critisize some social and political issues.
کلمات کلیدی : Moniro Ravanipour ، folk culture ، folklore ، Ahl e Ghargh ، Kanizu

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