Sheikh Shahab-Al-Din Yahya Suhrawardi is considered as one of the greatest Iranian thinkers who are mainly famous in the field of Islamic philosophy and Kalam. His works, specially his Persian treaties, which are allegorical and of symbolic expression, have not been studied yet, as they deserve to. Applying new theories of literary criticism to them and the works of the rest of classics can reveal their hidden values. In this paper we have tried to study the structural and narrative coherence of Resalatuttayr (Treaties on the Birds), an allegorical story of Suhrawardi’s, adapting a narratological approach. Findings of the research show that Suhrawardi has skillfully used the first person point of view. He appears like a modern novelist in his perfect use of fictional elements, such as narrative time, creating symbolic time, and suspension.