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    • List of Articles Ahmad  Khatami

      • Open Access Article

        1 - A Structural Survey of Kin Combat in the Poems of ‘Rostam-o-Sohrab’, ’Borzu Nameh’, ’Jahangir Nameh’
        Ahmad  Khatami علی  جهانشاهی افشار
        Despite the existence of numerous works and hero-epics in Persian literature, it is noteworthy that they all have similar structures and consist of limited elements. Of course this is not a new subject. The structuralists like Levi Strauss, Vladimir Yakovlevich Propp, a More
        Despite the existence of numerous works and hero-epics in Persian literature, it is noteworthy that they all have similar structures and consist of limited elements. Of course this is not a new subject. The structuralists like Levi Strauss, Vladimir Yakovlevich Propp, and Frazer, have already discussed it. The present article studies ‘kin combat’ in the poems of: ‘Rostam and Sohrab’,’Borzunameh’,’Jahangirnameh’, based on a structural approach. According to findings of the research, the common fixed elements of these works are as follows: accidental visit of the hero to a foreign land, his accidental meeting with a daughter in a foreign land , his marriage abroad, hero’s leaving his wife, giving her a token , birth of an extraordinary baby, child’s departure to his father’s land, assistance of the father’s enemies’ to him, deception, defeating father’s vanguard army by child, father being called by the king to fight the child, asking each other’s names, triple combats, child introducing himself to father. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Theological analysis of Exclusive Prophecy in Sanayi's "Hadiqat"
        Ahmad  Khatami
        Despite all the attempts made by researchers on the interpretation and analysis of the Persian versified texts and works, including Sanayi's works and especially his book “Hadiqat-Al Haqiqat”, still there ought to be a lot more research done on the study of most of the More
        Despite all the attempts made by researchers on the interpretation and analysis of the Persian versified texts and works, including Sanayi's works and especially his book “Hadiqat-Al Haqiqat”, still there ought to be a lot more research done on the study of most of the verse texts; including the mystical verse texts as well. Most of the mystical works have the potential for further survey, and from other aspects in addition to the mystical aspect; one of which can be the theological survey of such works. Obviously, Sanayi, and the mystical-spirited poets after him that have mostly been influenced by his thoughts, style, ideas and methods and manners as well, have all expressed deep theological insights along with mystical issues in their works. Actually, without access to these thoughts and ideas, which shows the basics of their faith and belief principles, a precise evaluation and survey of their mystical position becomes impossible. The present article intends to make a theological study of the exclusive prophecy from the perspective of the Islamic dialectics, search and inspect the same issue in Hadiqat-Al Haqiqat. Then it reveals Sanayi's approach towards the dear Prophet Mohammad, evaluates, and finally analyzes the findings with the well-known theological findings of his own time. In the final section it means to show what Sanayi followed due to the subject of the religious theological topic and in which parts he has offered his own point of view or refused to follow the special religious ideas in particular cases. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Effect of Social Classes on the Poems of Mashrooteh Poets with A Focus on Farokhi Yazdi And Iraj Mirza
        عبدالله  حسن‌زاده میرعلی Ahmad  Khatami - -
        From sociology of literature point of view, literary creation is not a personal matter, but rather a social one. Since the society plays a fundamental role in formation of individual characteristics, and the style is not separated from writers’ characteristics, we can More
        From sociology of literature point of view, literary creation is not a personal matter, but rather a social one. Since the society plays a fundamental role in formation of individual characteristics, and the style is not separated from writers’ characteristics, we can say that in creation of any literary work, society has the most significant role. The writer’s social insight and his position against different events are remarkably affected by social status and social classes. Hence, we can analyze a writer’s literary style based on the social class he belongs to. Presenting an introduction on how writers’ world view is related to their social classes according to Goldman¬’s theory of social classes, this paper also has a glance at IrajMirza and Farokhi Yazdi's social status. Then, the major stylistic differences between them will be compared. The findings show that the aforementioned writers’ outlooks are different in some domains such as social/religious criticism, freedom, patriotism, anti-colonialism, anti-authoritarianism, defiance and tendency to luxury Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Poetic Function of Pronouns in Masnavi-E-Manavi
        sina bashiri mahmud forutan Ahmad  Khatami
        Mowlavi's Masnavi-e-Manavi, aside from being the most prominent mystical texts of Persian literature has a great poetic value. One of the most poetic aspects of the language in Masnavi is the pronouns and their functions in aesthetic and semantic features of this valuab More
        Mowlavi's Masnavi-e-Manavi, aside from being the most prominent mystical texts of Persian literature has a great poetic value. One of the most poetic aspects of the language in Masnavi is the pronouns and their functions in aesthetic and semantic features of this valuable collection of poems. In this article, the concepts of defamiliarization and deviation from the norm are described based on the views of Russian formalists on the poetic function of language; then the semantic, stylistic, syntactic and lexical deviations and extra-regularity related to pronouns in the poetic evidences of Masnavi-e-Manavi and their relationships with the poet's ideas are investigated. The results show that the pronouns have a major role in the poetic and imaginative aspects of Masnavi-e-Manavi, and besides their aesthetic role, they make a great contribution to convey meaning and concepts. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Theological Thoughts on Tawhid in Attar’s Masnavies
        Farideh  Mohseni Hanjani Ahmad  Khatami
        Mystical literature has always been accompanied by secrets and mysteries; and understanding the concepts, interpretations, terms and themes mentioned in mystical poems and proses such as theological themes has never been easy since they are mixed with special symbols an More
        Mystical literature has always been accompanied by secrets and mysteries; and understanding the concepts, interpretations, terms and themes mentioned in mystical poems and proses such as theological themes has never been easy since they are mixed with special symbols and allegories. The elements of mystical literature, though not that complicated, bring up deep questions in mind, for which finding the answers requires true understanding of mystical, religious and theological insights of the authors. Attar is one of those mystic poets who has incorporated his beliefs and religious attitudes with a mystical virtue in all his works. Using a descriptive-analytical method, assuming that Attar’s mystical thoughts are incorporated with his theological thoughts, this paper tries to investigate the effects of different theological schools on the intellectual and mystic basis of monotheism (Tawhid) theme in Attar’s works with respect to his well-known four Masnavi books. The results show that the influence of theological issues on these works is too much that any account of Attar’s works without learning about his theological insights would be incomplete. However, it would be useless to insist on assigning him to one specific theological school. Manuscript profile